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COMMAND INSTITUTE

Structural Anatomy™ / Building Construction
The Command Institute at EMAC International is proud to offer the pioneering Structural Anatomy™ Series of specialized courses. This series correlates firefighting skills with the science of building construction. It integrates groundbreaking instruction on structural combat/command risk assessment, fire dynamics and building performance for the fire services.

Structural Anatomy Series


These courses and training programs elevate the foundation of knowledge of building construction for the fire services by addressing critical issues of fundamental and emerging command, operational, risk reduction and technical proficiency…issues which affect structural combat fire engagement for occupancies in the built environment. The series integrates classical physics and fire suppression theory, and traditional fire suppression operations with cutting edge perspectives. Our instructors will provide insights into the emerging philosophies of command safety, proactive risk reduction and visionary structural fire suppression.


These essential courses and training programs bridge the gap between basic building construction principles and the need to expand technical proficiencies, knowledge of building performance, stability and inherent occupancy hazard characteristics. The courses will provide the student with a comprehensive understanding of the interrelated basis of physics, fire dynamics, building performance, firefighter survivability, command safety and effective risk assessment. This knowledge is vital to ensure that personnel and company safety is paramount during structural combat fire engagement, and that the lessons learned from historical fire events are not repeated.


The Structural Anatomy™ Building Construction Series of courses establishes the new standard from which structural fire suppression theory will evolve. The courses use case studies to demonstrate the lessons learned from those events. Those studies show intrinsic building performance and structural stability factors along with universal strategic and tactical protocols that form the constants in structural combat fire engagement within various occupancies. The courses examine in detail the following: elements of building construction; structural assemblies; building support and supply systems; and the anatomy of structures and occupancies. The instructor will show how those elements are related to time, fire involvement, fire dynamics and the interaction of fire suppression efforts. And all of this takes place while firefighters are working under the prevailing theories of strategic command, tactical deployments and task assignments.

The Structural Anatomy™ Building Construction Series prepares participants for the increasing challenges and demands of their future structural combat fire assignments. These essential training programs fill in the gap for those who have little experience under actual combat fire suppression incidents. They will be able to expand their opportunities for skill development in recognition-primed decision-making, structural anatomy knowledge of buildings and the effects of fire involvement. Instructors will use researched fire suppression operating experiences, close-calls, case studies, first hand fireground experience and predictable and constants in occupancy performance under fire conditions.


COMMAND INSTITUTE - Course Catalog

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The Structural Anatomy™ Building Construction Series is far more than just a series of offerings on building construction. The various courses and programs will provide new insights for the current and upcoming generation of firefighters, company officers and incident commanders, and will provide the necessary technical skills, competencies and proficiencies required for firefighter survivability. The series will assist in the efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate contributing factors in line of duty deaths and fireground injuries.

 

The Structural Anatomy™ Building Construction Series course offerings can be adjusted and modified to address local and regional issues of the participants. This includes anything affecting the pre-planning, risk assessment, deployment and response, strategic & tactical operations, command and safety considerations as well as focusing on specific occupancies, building types or target hazards.

The cardinal rule of structural firefighting: No building is worth the life of a firefighter and there is never, ever a routine call...
remember, everyone goes home
.



Structural Anatomy Series

Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction Series Courses
SA 100
Structural Anatomy™ for the Command and Company Officer:
Surviving Combat Fire Engagement
SA 101
Structural Anatomy™:
Wood Frame and Ordinary Construction - Fire Operations
SA 102
Structural Anatomy™ of Light Weight Roof and Floor Systems - Tips for Staying Alive
SA 103
Structural Anatomy™ for the Company Officer:
Surviving Combat Fire Engagement in Residential and Multiple Occupancy Structures
SA 104
Structural Anatomy™:
Floor and Roof Support Systems
SA 105
Structural Anatomy™:
Truss Systems Awareness
SA 106
Structural Anatomy™ for Rapid Intervention Team Commanders
SA 107
Structural Anatomy™:
Fire Behavior and Building Performance
SA 108
Structural Anatomy™ Ordinary Construction - More than Brick and Joist
SA 109
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Residential Construction
SA 110
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Pre-WWII Balloon Frame Construction
SA 111
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Garden Apartment and Townhouses
SA 112
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Commercial and Retail Structures
SA 113
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Fire Resistive and Non-Combustible Construction
SA 114
Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction for the Safety Officer
SA 115
LODD and Close Calls: Structural Collapses Operating Experience
SA 116
Structural Reconnaissance for Initial Company Operations
SA 117
Strategic Risk Assessment and Size Up for the Incident Commander
SA 118
Structural Collapse During Fireground Operations -
What You Don’t Know WILL Kill You.
SA 119
Building Construction Risk Assessment for Structural Firefighting Operations
SA 120
Principles of Structural Collapse for Rapid Intervention Teams
SA 121
Fire Behavior and Fire Dynamics for the Command and Company Officer
SA 122
Construction Site Hazards, Operations, and Safety Considerations
 

Structural Anatomy Series

SA 100 - Structural Anatomy™ for the Command and Company Officer:
Surviving Combat Fire Engagement

A comprehensive presentation of risk-significant occupancies and correlating construction and structural assemblies and systems that directly influence company officer decision-making and risk assessment during combat fireground engagement. Key cue-based indicators and recognition-primed decision making will be discussed, inherent collapse considerations of structural assemblies and systems, structural stability and company officer considerations for tactical deployment for enhancing firefighter survivability.

SA 101 - Structural Anatomy™:
Wood Frame and Ordinary Construction - Fire Operations

Escalating trends in firefighter fatalities and injuries, and the decline in structural fire incidents has impacted the current generation of firefighters who have limited structural firefighting experience. They will gain an understanding of inherent construction features and hazards that directly influence effective risk management and decisive strategic and tactical considerations.

SA 102 - Structural Anatomy™ of Light Weight Roof and Floor Systems - Tips for Staying Alive
The inherent dangers of light-weight roof and floor systems contribute significantly to common causes resulting in firefighter line of duty deaths during combat fire suppression operations. This program examines construction systems, assemblies and elements, inherent collapse features and their integrity considerations during combat fire suppression operations.

SA 103 - Structural Anatomy™ for the Company Officer:
Surviving Combat Fire Engagement in Residential and Multiple Occupancy Structures

Residential structure fires in single and multiple occupancy dwellings are never routine. The inherent dangers in these occupancies, along with strategic and tactical recognition-primed decision-making factors for tactical operations are presented to enhance operations, management and crew integrity. Specific construction features, support and assembly systems, building performance and case studies will be presented.

SA 104 - Structural Anatomy™:
Floor and Roof Support Systems

The structural anatomy of floor and roof systems examines in detail the structural support, assemblies and systems types that comprise roof and floor systems that may be found within various occupancies and structures. Material and assembly performance, construction techniques, structural stability factors, fire exposure and fire dynamics affects will be explored. This program will address system characteristics, risk hazards and operational concerns for all five standard construction classifications.

SA 105 - Structural Anatomy™:
Truss Systems Awareness

The inherent structural characteristics, materials usage, performance and supporting systems for truss construction provides students with a defined understanding of the truss systems and their stability and expected performance under structural fire conditions. A detailed examination of truss systems and their various applications and uses, methods and materials of construction, engineering features and performance under fire conditions will be presented. Case studies will reinforce concepts presented to provide students with a greater degree of understanding and awareness of risk factors for deployment and operations under fireground task assignments.

SA 106 - Structural Anatomy™ for Rapid Intervention Team Commanders
The structural Anatomy for RIT Team Commanders provides a comprehensive overview of strategic engineering features, structural performance, material characteristic and assembly systems. This overview will support a greater sensitivity and a heightened awareness of construction features and occupancy profiles to aid RIT Team commanders with potential deployment and intervention into the various types of structures and occupancies. Structural floor, roof and wall systems are reviewed, significant building features are further explored that will enhance operational deployment for RIT commanders during assessment size-ups, action plan formulation and intervention as emergency operations dictate.

SA 107 - Structural Anatomy™:
Fire Behavior and Building Performance

This program explores the classical concepts of fire behavior and its relationship to building performance during combat structural fire operations. Students will gain a greater degree of understanding of the physics of fire behavior and smoke movement, fire loading, and fire suppression effects. They can better prepare themselves to read and understand smoke conditions, predict with increased assurance the current and projected growth, magnitude and severity of structural fires in built occupancies. They will assimilate those indicators with the recognition-primed decision-making process to develop actions plans for tactical deployment. Regardless of rank or assignment, this program is a prime stepping point in understanding the performance characteristics and anatomy of compartment and structural fires.

SA 108 - Structural Anatomy™ Ordinary Construction - More than Brick and Joist
The anatomy of ordinary construction, typically referred to as brick and joist construction, requires an understanding of significant building features, such as structural supporting systems and load bearing and load transfer elements. This will enable students to gain a greater appreciation of the unique systems that comprise these structures and affect nearly all fire and emergency response organizations through out the world. These structures can be found in rural, suburban and metropolitan locations and pose significant risks to emergency responders who do not recognize and take into account the inherent risk factors that formulate the basis for safe and effective combat structural fire operations. Students will learn to recognize when changes have been made to a structure that have altered its original use and performance. They will learn to identify inherent structural collapse features, age and deterioration, as well as renovations and alternations in occupancy, and use and structural configuration. Instructors will use numerous case studies incorporating operating experiences and the lessons learned from numerous line of duty death incidents to provide the student with the necessary knowledge to conduct effective recognition-primed decision-making and size-up. Students will be able to develop action plans to support strategic and tactical assignments. Ordinary construction and the study of its anatomy, is truly more than just brick and joists.

SA 109 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Residential Construction

A detailed examination of residential construction, building materials, methods of construction and technology, inherent structural deficiencies and architectural features that provide the layout and configurations that form the “bread and butter” of most emergency service responses. These structures contribute to a significant number of LODD’s and injuries to firefighters and emergency responders annually. The current generation of residential construction and occupancy usage poses significant hazards and risk to firefighters, company officers and incident commanders. The structural anatomy of residential construction provides the needed edge in awareness, knowledge and principles to engage safely in residential compartment and structural fire incidents.

SA 110 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Balloon Frame Construction

The balloon framed structure, predominantly built up thru the early 1950’ s are prevalent throughout the United States in an extensive variety of sizes, configurations and occupancy usage. The unique fire and smoke behavior characteristics that contribute towards rapid fire travel, high risk occupant hazards, exposure and significant fire extension concerns continue to challenge deployments to structural fire incidents. These factors coupled with the building’s structural stability risks and inherent combustibility require a balanced understanding of these construction features, typical floor plan configurations and expected hazards.

SA 111 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Garden Apartment and Townhouses
A comprehensive examination of the anatomy of Garden Apartment and Townhouse layouts, construction techniques, features and arrangements. In many areas of the country, garden apartment and townhouses, comprise a significantly higher share of the residential settings. The challenges posed by these multiple occupancies are significant in the areas of rapid fire extension, structural performance, fire affects on occupants and firefighters, and typically are resource intensive under structural fire conditions. The structural anatomy of Garden Apartment and Townhouse construction provides the needed edge in awareness, knowledge and principles to engage safely in Apartment and Townhouse compartment and structural fire incidents.

SA 112 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Fire Resistive and Non-Combustible Construction

A focused analysis and examination of Fire Resistive and Non-Combustible Construction through the use of case studies and operating experience. Students will learn the elements of construction, materials, structural systems, performance and integrity factors and features which contribute toward high stakes risk assessment and fluid monitoring of these structures during incident operations. Enhanced insights into material performance, fabrication, assembly and construction provide familiarity in applying these construction and material methods to the occupancies within your jurisdiction.

SA 113 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction:
Commercial and Retail Structures

Commercial and retail structure fires are typically not the most common of incident responses, but are the most deadly when operating under structural fire conditions. The scale and layouts of these occupancy types, construction features, fire loading and stability factors create significant risks to all personnel operating at these incidents. These types of fires include many variables such as construction techniques, materials and support systems, coupled with the factors of occupancy, use, arrangement, built-in protection systems, and degree of fire loading, age, alterations and renovations. Commercial and retail structure fires continue to have an adverse impact on most deployed resources within the areas of command, control, resources, suppression capabilities, safety and tactical deployment. This class will provide the needed edge in awareness, knowledge and principles to engage safely in commercial and retail compartment and structural fire incidents.

SA 114 - Structural Anatomy™/ Building Construction for the Safety Officer
The Safety Officer requires an acute and discriminating set of skills and knowledge of building construction to base incident operational decisions and recommendations to the Incident Commander or Command Teams. Responsibilities for the Safety Officer include monitoring and measuring the performance and stability of a given occupancy during combat structural fire engagement or while operating in a non-fire suppression operation within a structure or at a compromised or collapse scene. This program provides crucial insights and examines key operational elements of various building types, occupancies and construction features to enhance or expand the Safety Officer’s recognition-primed assessment and decision-making process to support safe and effective incident operations.

SA 115 - LODD and Close Calls:
Structural Collapse Incidents Operating Experience

The class features a highly dynamic and thought-provoking examination of significant LODD and close call case studies and incident events involving contributing or causal factors resulting from structural collapse operations. An examination of the lessons learned that can limit or preclude similar events will be discussed. Methods for integrating these lessons into operation experiences for enhanced training will be presented.

SA 116 -Structural Reconnaissance for Initial Company Operations
This course features an examination of methods and techniques for cue-based risk assessment and profiling. Students will learn critical reconnaissance techniques to identify inherent and distinctive building construction hazards and challenges that may affect initial company operations. The course will emphasize cue-based risk assessment, size-up profiling, structural reconnaissance techniques, occupancy risk assessment, and structural and construction systems profiling. Students will see how these factors have a direct relationship on initial company structural fire operations, firefighter survivability and the incident management decision-making process. The presentation will identify the methods and techniques to implement effective structural reconnaissance, company safety and integrity, and will provide indicators to enhance the performance of successfully completing fireground assignments for suppression, search, and rescue and tactical support functions.

SA 117 - Strategic Risk Assessment and Size Up for the Incident Commander
What are the key incident indicators that an effective incident command must identify, evaluate and act upon in a timely manner? This program examines key risk assessment and size-up elements that contribute to the strategic decision-making process. Students will gain an understanding of recognition-primed assessment and evaluations and the decision-making process for rapid and accurate problem identification, assessment, prioritization, and subsequent assignment or determination.

SA 118 - Structural Collapse During Fireground Operations - What You Don’t Know WILL Kill You.
Structural fire suppression operations can be challenging tasks unto themselves; however, a compromised or collapse event during combat fire engagement can significantly affect the stability and command management of suppression operations requiring significant changes in the incident action plan. Recognizing subtle or obvious precursors to collapse, inherent construction assembly factors and structural integrity indicators will reduce risk factors and contribute toward safer operations.

SA 119 - Building Construction Risk Assessment for Structural Firefighting Operations
An examination of current trends and methods in building construction. The course will emphasize the return to basics approach to occupancy risk assessment, structural and construction systems, and their direct relationship on structural firefighting operations, firefighter survivability and the incident scene decision-making process. Escalating trends in firefighter fatalities and injuries, and the decline in structural fire incidents has impacted the current generation of firefighters who have limited structural firefighting experience. They will gain an understanding of inherent construction features and hazards that directly influence effective risk management and decisive strategic and tactical considerations. This program examines crucial construction elements and occupancy types and correlates building construction performance toward combat structural fire suppression operations.

SA 120 - Principles of Structural Collapse for Rapid Intervention Teams
The Principles of Structural Collapse for Rapid Intervention Teams (RIT) provides a comprehensive overview of strategic engineering features, collapse profiles, mechanisms, structural collapse performance, material characteristics, and assembly systems. This overview will provide RIT members with a greater sensitivity and awareness of the interdependent collapse elements of construction and occupancy profiles. This will aid them with coordinated deployment and intervention into the various types of compromised structures and occupancies. The course will review inherent structural collapse considerations, collapse phases, operational considerations, floor, roof, and wall systems factors. Other significant building features are further explored that will enhance operational deployment for RIT members during assessment size-ups, action plan formulation, team operations and intervention as emergency operations dictate.

SA 121 - Fire Behavior and Fire Dynamics for the Command and Company Officer
A dynamic program that provides Command and Company Officers with specific emphasis on the classical concepts of fire behavior and its relationship on building performance during combat structural fire operations. The program is designed to focus upon understanding of the physics of fire behavior and smoke movement, fire loading and fire suppression effects from the perspective of the Command or Company Officer. Personnel can better prepare themselves to read and understand smoke conditions, predict with increased assurance the current and projected growth, magnitude and severity of structural fires in built occupancies. They will assimilate those indicators with the recognition-primed decision-making process to develop actions plans for tactical deployment. This program is a prime stepping point in understanding the performance characteristics and anatomy of compartment and structural fires.

SA 122 - Construction Site Hazards, Operations, and Safety Considerations
The significant challenges and safety precautions necessary to operate at construction sites are explored and discussed. This program focuses on hazard recognition and operational safety considerations. The instructor will address a broad-based review of construction sites, phases of construction, hazards and risk identification, strategic and tactical limiting factors, and recognition-primed decision-making. Students will review case studies from real-life construction site incidents. The program addresses command, strategic and tactical considerations for the command, company and firefighter ranks.

To schedule or inquire about a course, please contact us.
1-800-963-EMAC (3622)

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