U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Federal Emergency Management Agency

Resource: Radio Direction Finding Team
Category: Search and Rescue (ESF #9)
Kind: Team
Minimum Capabilities (Component) Minimum Capabilities
(Metric)

Type I

Type II Type III Type IV Other

Team

Personnel

Team leader and team members to support at least 2 operational field units (at least 1 team member must be a medical specialist – EMT or higher); Management staff following ICS model

Team leader and team members to support at least 2 operational field units; Management staff following ICS model

Team leader; Team member(s)

Team

Crew Availability

Available for more than
1 full day of operations

Available for more than
1 full day of operations

Available for at least 1 full day of operations

 

 

Training

Must be able to operate the team’s equipment; Team is expected to be able to triangulate a distress beacon to its source; Team members must be experienced in coordinating with other search teams and aircrews; Team members must have training for operations in remote locations for extended periods; One member of each team must have advanced medical training to the EMT level Must be able to operate the team’s equipment; Team is expected to be able to triangulate a distress beacon to its source; Team members must be experienced in coordinating with other search teams; Team members must have training for operations in limited remote locations for extended periods Must be able to operate the team’s equipment; Team is expected to be able to triangulate a distress beacon to its source in moderate terrain; Team members are not expected to operate in remote field locations for extended periods    
Transportation 4x4 vehicles that can transport each team throughout the search area Vehicles that can transport each team throughout the search area; 4x4s are not required, but recommended 1 vehicle that can transport the team throughout the search area; 4x4s are not required, but recommended    
Equipment Clothing Appropriate level of PPE for working environment Appropriate level of PPE for working environment Appropriate level of PPE for working environment Equipment  
Communications

VHF Radios; Cell Phone

VHF Radios; Cell Phone

Cell Phone

 
Electronic

At least one Handheld Portable Electronic Direction Finder per team

At least one Handheld Portable Electronic Direction Finder per team

At least one Handheld Portable Electronic Direction Finder

 
Rescue Equipment to support remote extrication and field transport of aircraft crash survivors None required None required    
Management Support Overhead Incident Management Incident staff capable of managing electronic direction-finding operations Incident staff capable of managing electronic direction-finding operations Unit level mission release; No search management capabilities Management support  

Comments:

Team members will usually only work a maximum of 12-hour shifts, depending on individual unit policies and procedures. Crew availability does not require continuous availability of specific personnel, only that crews are available to those specifications. Medical support and technical rescue equipment is expected to be provided by local EMS for Type II and III teams.



National Mutual Aid & Resource Management Initiative
Search and Rescue