U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Federal Emergency Management Agency

Resource: Air Ambulance (Rotary-Wing)
Category: Health & Medical (ESF #8)
Kind: Aircraft
Minimum Capabilities (Component) Minimum Capabilities
(Metric)
Type I Type II Type III Type IV Other
Supplies, Equipment, Personnel, and Aircraft Emergency medical services team with equipment, supplies, and aircraft for patient transport & emergency medical care out of a hospital

Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics or 1 paramedic and 1 nurse or physician); Transport 2 or more litter patients; Full SAR including hoist capabilities; Night ops capable; IFR capable; ALS ambulance equipment

Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics or 1 paramedic & 1 nurse or physician); Transport 2 or more litter patients; Night ops capable; IFR capable; Ability to deploy a medical team; MICU equipment (i.e., ventilators & infusion pumps, medications, blood)

Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics, or 1 paramedic and 1 nurse or physician); Transport 1 litter patient; Night ops capable; VFR capable; Ability to deploy a medical team; MICU equipment (i.e., ventilators & infusion pumps, medications, blood)

Advanced Life Support; Minimum 2 staff (pilot, and 1 paramedic); Transport 1 litter patient; night ops capable; VFR; ALS ambulance equipment

 

Comments:

Each team/unit can work a maximum of 12-hour shifts,depending upon individual policies & procedures. Aircraft maintenance requirements may occur during deployment. Aviation maintenance must be planned. Hangar facilities should be planned for all extended operations. Fuel tankers or other supply points must be identified. Backup supplies and some equipment may be required depending upon number of patients and type of event. Communication equipment may be programmable for interoperability but must be verified. Provide communication frequencies of ground incident command. Plan for augmenting existing communication equipment. Landing zones (space, clearance, and weight restrictions) must be considered. The typical civilian air ambulance requires an LZ of 150’ x 150’. Ground safety assurance and traffic control are important support requirements for injury and crash prevention. This support may be significant depending upon the size of the incident and the location of the incident.



National Mutual Aid & Resource Management Initiative
Emergency Medical Services