U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Federal Emergency Management Agency

Resource: Air Ambulance (Fixed-Wing)
Category: Health & Medical (ESF #8)
Kind: Aircraft
Minimum Capabilities (Component) Minimum Capabilities
(Metric)
Type I Type II Type III Type IV Other
Supplies, Equipment, Personnel, and Fixed-Wing Aircraft Emergency medical services team with equipment, supplies, and aircraft for patient transport & emergency medical care out of a hospital, providing service from airport to airport

Critical Care and Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics or 1 paramedic and 1 nurse or physician);Transport 2 or more litter patients; Night ops capable; IFR capable; Ability to deploy a medical team; MICU equipment (i.e.; ventilators and infusion pumps, medications, blood)

Critical Care and Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics or 1 paramedic & 1 nurse or physician); Transport 1 litter patient; Night ops capable; IFR capable; Ability to deploy a medical team; MICU equipment (i.e.; ventilators and infusion pumps, medications, blood)

Advanced Life Support; Minimum 3 staff (pilot, 2 paramedics, or 1 paramedic and 1 nurse or physician); Transport 2 or more litter patients; Night ops capable; ALS ambulance equipment

Basic Life Support; Minimum 2 staff (pilot, and 1 paramedic transport 1 litter patients; Night ops capable; ALS ambulance equipment

 

Comments:

Fixed-Wing service in a disaster is primarily for moving injured or sick people located in the disaster area to medical facilities located outside the disaster area. Fixed-Wing service providers may also be utilized to import personnel and or equipment/supplies into the area of need. Fixed-Wing services require the use of an airport of sufficient length and access to a sufficient quantity of proper fuel type for the type of aircraft requested. Each team/unit can work a maximum of 12-hour shifts, depending upon individual policies and procedures. Aircraft maintenance requirements may occur during deployment. Aviation maintenance must be planned. Hangar facilities should be planned for all extended operations. Backup supplies and some equipment may be required depending upon number of patients and type of event. Communication equipment may be programmable for interoperability but must be verified. Plan for augmenting existing communication equipment to allow Fixed-Wing aircraft to communicate with command center. Coordination with ground ambulance service required. Ground safety assurance and traffic control are important support requirements for injury and crash prevention. This support may be significant depending upon the size and location of the incident.



National Mutual Aid & Resource Management Initiative
Emergency Medical Services