ICS_2mod 71 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM*
ICS_3mod 142 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM*
ICS_4mod 116 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_5mod 83 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_6mod 54 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_currgde 58 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_currsyl 44 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_glossary 48 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_history 27 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_I100answers 329 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_I100text 367 KB 10/17/04 2:39:00 AM
ICS_i200 457 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM*
ICS_i300 618 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_i400 529 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_i401 136 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_i402 148 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_iap 308 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_matrix 9 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_mod10 70 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_mod11 159 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_mod11 1,114 KB 10/17/04 2:40:00 AM
ICS_mod12 136 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM*
ICS_mod12 817 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod13 109 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod13 834 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod14 150 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod14 602 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod15 138 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod15 691 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod16 599 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod17 689 KB 10/17/04 2:42:00 AM
ICS_mod2 864 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM*
ICS_mod3 1,069 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod4 855 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod5 548 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod6 543 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod7 109 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod7 144 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod8 131 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod8 1,031 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod9 156 KB 10/17/04 2:44:00 AM
ICS_mod9 871 KB 10/17/04 2:47:00 AM*
ICS_pds 67 KB 10/17/04 2:47:00 AM
ICS_sylsum 19 KB 10/17/04 2:47:00 AM

What is the Incident Command System (ICS)?
ICS is a standardized on-scene incident management concept designed specifically to allow responders to adopt an integrated organizational structure equal to the complexity and demands of any single incident or multiple incidents without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries.

In the early 1970s, ICS was developed to manage rapidly moving wildfires and to address the following problems:
• Too many people reporting to one supervisor;

• Different emergency response organizational structures;

• Lack of reliable incident information;

• Inadequate and incompatible communications;

• Lack of structure for coordinated planning among agencies;

• Unclear lines of authority;

• Terminology differences among agencies; and Unclear or unspecified incident objectives.

In 1980, federal officials transitioned ICS into a national program called the National Interagency Incident Management System (NIIMS), which became the basis of a response management system for all federal agencies with wildfire management responsibilities. Since then, many federal agencies have endorsed the use of ICS, and several have mandated its use.

An ICS enables integrated communication and planning by establishing a manageable span of control. An ICS divides an emergency response into five manageable functions essential for emergency response operations: Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance and Administration. Figure 1 shows a typical ICS structure.

What is a Unified Command (UC)?
Although a single Incident Commander normally handles the command function, an Incident Commnad System (ICS) organization may be expanded into a Unified Command (UC). The UC is a structure that brings together the "Incident Commanders" of all major organizations involved in the incident in order to coordinate an effective response while at the same time carrying out their own jurisdictional responsibilities. The UC links the organizations responding to the incident and provides a forum for these entities to make consensus decisions. Under the UC, the various jurisdictions and/or agencies and non-government responders may blend together throughout the operation to create an integrated response team.

The UC is responsible for overall management of the incident. The UC directs incident activities, including development and implementation of overall objectives and strategies, and approves ordering and releasing of resources. Members of the UC work together to develop a common set of incident objectives and strategies, share information, maximize the use of available resources, and enhance the efficiency of the individual response organizations.

We currently use the ICS for our incident response operations. How will our current ICS system relate to the NIMS?
The NIMS utilizes ICS as a standard incident management organization for the management of all major incidents. These functional areas include command, operations, planning, logistics and finance/administration. Additionally, the principle of unified command has been incorporated into NIMS to ensure further coordination for incidents involving multiple jurisdictions or agencies. This unified command component not only coordinates the efforts of many jurisdictions, but also provides for and assures joint decision on objectives, strategies, plans, priorities and public communications.

Is current Incident Command System (ICS) training applicable to NIMS?
The NIMS recognizes the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) ICS training as a model for course curricula and materials applicable to the NIMS:

ICS-100, Introduction to ICS
ICS-200, Basic ICS
ICS-300, Intermediate ICS
ICS-400, Advanced ICS

The USFA’s National Fire Academy and Emergency Management Institute both follow this model in their ICS training curricula. At the local level, agencies may contact the fire department for information and training on ICS.


Home | NIMS Document | Resource Typing | Training | FAQ | News | Links


Contact us at:
NIMSonline.com launched: 10/1/2004
Tulsa Media, LLC

Serving the NIMS Community.

This website is not officially
affiliated with DHS, FEMA,
or any other federal, state
or local governmental agency.